The most common types of hyperpigmentation are:
Age Spots: These are also referred to as sunspots or solar lentigines. They commonly appear on the face, hands, and on the areas that are generally the most exposed to sunlight. Age spots often appear as a brown, tan, or black spot on the skin and are most commonly seen in older adults when they overexpose themselves to the sun.
Melasma: Melasma, also called Chloasma or “the mask of pregnancy”, usually appears in women who are either pregnant or taking birth control pills. People with darker skin are also more likely to develop Melasma.
Post-Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation: This form of hyperpigmentation appears on those who have had inflammation or injury. It presents itself as spots or patches of darkened skin, usually appearing on the face or the neck.
Hyperpigmentation is caused by melanin within our bodies, which is produced by body cells called Melanocytes. Though radiation is a large factor in this condition, hyperpigmentation is not always a result of exposure to sun, health issues and other environmental factors also being sources.
There are three main causes of hyperpigmentation that are all more common than you may think, which is why it is important to stay cautious about your skin’s health.
Sunscreen is not only essential for sunny beach days but also for everyday usage. Wearing sunscreen is the best and easiest way to limit your exposure to harmful UV rays, and the product should be applied 30 minutes before sunlight exposure and reapplied every two hours for the best results. A sunscreen with a physical blocking, preferably with zinc oxide as the main active ingredient, at least an SPF from 30-50, and broad spectrum coverage is ideal for shielding the skin from radiation.
Another helpful tip is to limit your sun exposure between 10 AM and 2 PM when the UV rays are the strongest. Wearing suitable clothing that covers any sensitive areas can be a good course of action to maximize skin protection.
Overall, hyperpigmentation is nothing to be ashamed about, many of us experience it and there are many possible treatments that one could try to lessen the issue. All of these treatments revolve around maintaining sustainable practices like avoiding nonstop sunlight exposure and regularly cleansing your face, so it is best to start your path to healthy skin now and watch as results become visible!
Call 911 immediately or go to the nearest emergency room if you believe you are experiencing a medical emergency.
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